When reproductive health concerns are severe, Women's Health Specialists can help patients by utilizing hysterectomies. Our doctors offer hysterectomy surgery to treat numerous conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids, and cancer.
What is a hysterectomy?
When the uterus is removed surgically it is known as a hysterectomy. Hysterectomies are used for several conditions and purposes which can include care for:
- Endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain
- Uterine fibroids with pain and bleeding
- Uterine prolapse this occurs when the uterus slides from its correct position into the vaginal canal
- Adenomyosis or the thickening of the uterine wall
- Abnormal or heavy vaginal bleeding - uncontrolled by other treatments
- Cervical, uterine, or ovarian cancer
When not treating a type of cancer, a hysterectomy is typically only used when other treatments have failed to be successful.
What types of hysterectomies are there?
The reason for a hysterectomy will determine which type of hysterectomy to be performed. A surgeon may have to remove the uterus in part or in its entirety. Types of hysterectomies include:
- Supracervial or Subtotal Hysterectomy: The upper portion of the uterus is excised, leaving the cervix intact.
- Total Hysterectomy: The entire uterus and the cervix are excised.
- Radical Hysterectomy: Typically only performed to treat cancer, this operation extracts the entire uterus, tissues on the side of the uterus, cervix, lymph nodes, and the upper portion of the vagina. This procedures are performed by GYN Oncologists.
During this surgical procedure the surgeon may also choose to remove the ovaries and again this is utilized for treating cancer or when the ovaries themselves have been compromised.
What should I expect following a hysterectomy?
Following the procedure, if the ovaries were extracted as well, a woman will begin menopause. If the ovaries were left in place it is possible to begin menopause earlier than expected. For 6 weeks following the surgery, women should typically avoid lifting heavy objects and sexual intercourse. The procedure can effectively eliminate several problems and allow a woman to continue with her daily activities without dealing with unwanted symptoms.